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Public Financing of Education in Pakistan and Agenda for Education Budget 2016-17

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ISLAMABAD:(APS)April 27, 2016- Institute of Social and Policy Sciences (I-SAPS) organized on Wednesday a National Policy Dialogue on “Public Financing of Education in Pakistan and Agenda for Education Budget 2016-17” at Serena Hotel with State Minister of Education Baleeg-ur-Rehman as the chief guest.

On the occasion, the seventh volume of the “Public Financing of Education in Pakistan 2010-11 to 2015-16” report was also launched. While presenting the facts and figures from the recent report, I-SAPS executive director Salman Humayun said that an analysis of previous federal and provincial education budgets reveals some encouraging facts. It is heartening to see a visible increase in education budgets for all the provinces in 2015-16, with Balochistan registering an increase of 19 percent, followed by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with 12 percent, Punjab with 10 percent and Sindh with an increased allocation of 7 percent compared with previous year’s budgets.

“However, despite the improvements in allocations and expenditures in the education budgets, there is a need for improved utilization of the allocated budgets<’ added Humayun.

He added that analysis of the education budgets has shown that the budgetary allocations are generally not leveraged against the major challenges like access and quality of education, showing a sharp disconnect between the two. Some of the considerable issues in this context include inadequate engagement of legislature in the budget-making process, insufficient allocations compared with the actual needs, untimely fiscal flow, corruption, huge administrative expenditure, lack of transparency etc. Also there is a weak link between policy provisos, education data and the budgetary allocations.

The report also presented the status of education in all four provinces of Pakistan.

Punjab

Punjab has a total of 52,695 public schools out of which 51 percent are girls schools. Out of these schools, majority are primary schools (69 percent) followed by 16 percent middle, 12 percent high and 1 percent higher secondary schools. Overall enrolment in government schools is 10.9 million student out of which 37 percent are enrolled at primary level. The number of teachers working in Punjab is 321,064; 51 percent of whom are female. According to PSLM 2013-14, net enrolment rate at primary level is 64 percent while the literacy rate is 71 percent for male and 52 percent for female; showing vast disparity. Survival rate to grade 5 is 71 percent and transition rate from primary to middle is 97 percent. The number of out of school children of 5-16 years age in the province is 13.1 million which constitutes 47 percent of the total population of the school-going age children4. 52 percent of these out of school children are female.

 Sindh

Sindh has a total of 46,039 public school out of which 15 percent are girls’ schools whereas 62 percent are mixed schools. Out of these schools, majority are primary schools (91 percent) followed by 4 percent middle, 1 percent elementary, 4 percent secondary and 1 percent higher secondary schools. Overall enrolment in government schools is 4.04 million out of which 65 percent are enrolled at primary level. The number

of teachers working in Sindh is 144,170; 31 percent of whom are female. According to PSLM 2013-14, net enrolment rate at primary level is 48 percent while the literacy rate is 67 percent for male and 43 percent for female; showing vast disparity. Survival rate to grade 5 is 45 percent and transition rate from primary to middle is 57 percent. The number of out of school children of 5-16 years age in the province is 6.2 million which constitutes 51 percent of the total population of the school-going age children4. 54 percent of these out of school children are female.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has a total of 28,319 public school out of which 37 percent are girls schools. Out of these schools, majority are primary schools (83 percent) followed by 9 percent middle, 7 percent high and 1 percent higher secondary schools. Overall enrolment in government schools is 4.2 million student out of which 69 percent are enrolled at primary level. The number of teachers working in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is

118,754; 35 percent of whom are female. According to PSLM 2013-14, net enrolment rate at primary level is 54 percent while the literacy rate is 72 percent for male and 36 percent for female; showing vast disparity. Survival rate to grade 5 is 67 percent and transition rate from primary to middle is 82 percent. The number of out of school children of 5-16 years age in the province is 2.5 million which constitutes 34 percent of the total population of the school-going age children4. 70 percent of these out of school children are female.

Balochistan

Balochistan has a total of 12,576 public school out of which 28 percent are girls schools. Out of these schools, 84 percent are primary schools followed by 9 percent middle, 6 percent high and less than 1 percent higher secondary schools. Overall enrolment in government schools is 1.1 million student out of which 50 percent are enrolled at primary level. The number of teachers working in Balochistan is 43,620; 32 percent of whom are female. According to PSLM 2013-14, net enrolment rate at primary level is 39 percent while the literacy rate is 59 percent for male and 25 percent for female; showing vast disparity. Survival rate to grade 5 is 46 percent and transition rate from primary to middle is 75 percent. The number of out of school children of 5-16 years age in the province is 1.8 million which constitutes 66 percent of the total population of the school-going age children4. 51 percent of these out of school children are female.

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